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History

In 1788, Martin Hochmeister founded the first theater in Sibiu by converting the Thick Tower of the defense city belt into an auditorium. The Tower Theatre with rosewood box seat, presented plays by Shakespeare and Molière, texts of the Enlightenment, the German Romantics, all recorded in the chronicles of a weekly German theatrical magazine, established in 1778. Nevertheless, the first theatrical events of Sibiu are mentioned since 1582. With the support of the guilds, a revolving stage was built in the Large Square, a marvel of engineering in its time, which could rotate and there were played “Medieval Mysteries”. The first theatre curtain from 432 years ago can be seen at Brukenthal Museum, evidence of value kept in exceptional circumstances.
Radu Stanca National Theatre is a public repertory theatre that consists of a Romanian and a German station, presenting performances in the two languages ​​and participating in numerous international co-productions. Radu Stanca is one of the most interesting authors, playwrights, poets and theater person from Romania who linked the name of Sibiu both as a poet, author and essayist as well as a director of theater and school founder. Radu Stanca departed this life in full creative power, aged 42.

Activity

Radu Stanca National Theatre is the tradition continuer for almost five centuries of theater in Sibiu and in the region, along with the International Theatre Festival in Sibiu, succeeded the unique performance to obtain the title of European Capital of Culture Sibiu in 2007 with a repertory of more than 85 different performances, from Greek tragedy to most innovative experiment of the 21st century, Radu Stanca National Theatre collaborates with leading Romanian and International directors: Silviu Purcărete, Andrei Şerban, Andriy Zholdak, Kushida Kazuyoshi, Armin Petras, Rodrigo Garcia, Mihai Măniuţiu, Tompa Gábor, Alexandru Dabija, Claire Dancoisne, Charles Muller, Yury Kordonsky, Radu Alexandru Nica, Robert Raponja, Masahiro Yasuda, Eugenio Barba, Gigi Căciuleanu, Dragoş Galgoţiu, Zoltán Balázs și Levan Tsuladze. Radu Stanca National Theatre shows were invited to the most important festivals of the world: Edinburgh, Avignon, Brussels, Rome, Tokyo, Seoul, St. Petersburg, Moscow, Naples, Paris, Merida, Liverpool, London, Budapest, Tampere, Poznan, Warsaw, Cologne, Freiburg, Barcelona, Lisbon, Porto, Cairo, Yerevan, Tbilisi, Nitra, Athens, Thessaloniki, Belgrade, Varna, Pécs, Lille, Tel Aviv, Omsk, Chisinau and Sarajevo.

Cultural development pole

Radu Stanca National Theatre together with Sibiu International Theatre Festival created SPAOM - Sibiu Performing Arts Open Market (only in Central and Southeastern Europe) the theater school and the cultural management school of the Lucian Blaga University of Sibiu, becoming one of the most important platforms for creativity, dialogue and mobility of artists from around the world.
Responding to all contemporary challenges, Radu Stanca National Theatre performances try to capture the diversity of trends in performing arts, from tradition, word and image, and going to installations, theater, dance, music shows, and so on.

International cooperation

International vocation does not materialize only in tours, but also in many co-productions with performing and festival structures worldwide. The performances, directors and employees of Radu Stanca National Theatre received numerous national and international awards. Starting in 2000, Radu Stanca Theatre experienced opening the gates for national and international collaborations, inviting reputed Romanian and foreign directors to Sibiu. There were staged performances of great artistic value such as The Last Day of Youth by Tadeusz Konwicki, Public Opinion by Aurel Baranga, Carnival Stuff by I. L. Caragiale, Lulu by Frank Wedekind, Hamlet by William Shakespeare, Faust by J. W. Goethe, Jewish Trilogy (with performances Job Experiment based on the Book of Job, The Ecclesiast based on the text from the Bible and Shoah. Primo Levi Version based on selected interviews with Primo Levi), Gulliver's Travels by Jonathan Swift, Oidip by Sophocles, Mozart Steps (dance theater), A Japanese Story by Chikamatsu Monzaemon, Life with an Idiot by Victor Erofeev, The Ball an idea launched by Théâtre du Compagnol The Seagull by Anton Chekhov, Othello?! by William Shakespeare, Electra by Sophocles and Euripides, The Idiot by F. M. Dostoevsky, Waiting for Godot by S. Beckett, The Marriage of Figaro by Beaumarchais, Pilafs and Donkey Scent after the Arabian Nights, Anonymous Venetian by Giuseppe Berto, A Stormy Night by I. L. Caragiale, The Jays Al. Kiriţescu, Pantagruel's Sister-in-Law after the writings of Rabelais, I, Rodin by Patrick Roegiers, The Persians by Aeschylus, Rusalka by Antonin Dvorák, Nora by H. Ibsen.

Awards

In 2003, Radu Stanca Theatre is classified as the first theatre of the country, and the performance Othello?! is awarded the UNITER for Best Performance of the theatrical season. In 2005, director Radu Alexandru Nica is awarded the UNITER for Debut, for the performance Nora and in 2008, Ofelia Popii is awarded the UNITER for Best Supporting Actress for playing the part of Mephisto in the mega performance Faust directed by Silviu Purcărete. In the same year, Radu Stanca National Theatre of Sibiu was awarded the Best Dramaturgy, Best Staging (Mihai Măniuţiu) and Best Supporting Actress (Mariana Mihu) at Mérida Classical Theatre Festival of (Spain), where Electra after Sophocles and Euripides, directed by Mihai Măniuţiu is presented. In the same year, Pantagruel's Sister-in-Law, directed by Silviu Purcărete receives the award for Best Performance at the ExPonto Festival (Ljubljana, Slovenia).
In August 2009, Radu Stanca National Theatre of Sibiu registered a phenomenal success at Edinburgh International Festival, where Faust by Goethe, directed by Silviu Purcărete, was performed five times, all sold-out. On this occasion, actress Ofelia Popii received The Herald Angel award for Best Actress. In 2011, Ofelia Popii received the UNITER award for Best Supporting Actress for playing Slices.
In 2011, the Gala of Bucharest Comedy Festival brings 2 awards for the performance Public Opinion: Nicu Mihoc is awarded Best Supporting Actor and Dragoş Buhagiar is awarded Best Production Design.
An important event of the 2011 addenda is the tour with the mega production Faust to Brussels. José Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission, attended the event. The tour was supported by the Romanian Cultural Institute and the Ministry of Culture
The year 2012 brings a new prestigious participation for Radu Stanca National Theatre to Edinburgh International Festival with Gulliver's Travels, where Silviu Purcărete receives Herald Angel Award for directing. In the country, Radu Stanca National Theatre participates to the Romanian Comedy Festival with Carnival Stuff directed by Silviu Purcărete and is awarded four prizes: Best Performance, Best Director (Silviu Purcărete) Best Production Design (Dragos Buhagiar) and Best Supporting Actor (Adrian Matioc). Also, in 2012, Radu Stanca National Theatre is awarded the UNITER prize for Best Performance of the Season for Last Day of My Youth, directed by Yuri Kordonsky.
Gulliver's Travels, stage exercises inspired the work of Jonathan Swift, coordinator Silviu Purcărete, receives the UNITER award for Best Performance in 2013.

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